Saturday, December 10, 2016

Introduction to Frankenfish.com

Frankenfish.com

Frankenfish.com is dedicated to the study and discussion of fish species not native to the waters in which they live. This site also offers a number of ways for the scholar, sportsman or family to further their study of Frankenfish or enjoyment of fishing in general. Finally, Frankenfish.com offers a number of products for sale. Frankenfish... [Continue Reading...]

Trending Now:

Genetically Engineered Salmon – Does Mother Nature Approve?

For the first time in history, genetically engineered fish are likely to be approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US – FDA www.fda.com ) for sale and consumption at United Stated fish markets. Although genetically engineered plant products have been consumed world wide for years, the advent of genetically engineered fish and meat is generating renewed concern and debate about the safety and perpetuity of the general food chain.

The company at the center of this debate is Aqua Bounty Technologies. Aqua Bounty Technologies has created genetically engineered Salmon, Trout, and Tilapia. The first of these fish, an Atlantic Salmon clone, is under review by the FDA. Preliminary reviews by FDA officials suggest a bias toward approving the genetically engineered salmon for consumption in the United States. Documents released by FDA staff said the altered salmon are “as safe to eat as food from other Atlantic salmon.” The agency said it found “no biologically relevant differences” in vitamins, minerals or fatty acids.

About Aqua Bounty Technologies

AquaBounty Technologies is a biotechnology company focused on improving productivity in commercial aquaculture, an $86 billion industry and the fastest growing segment of the worldwide food industry. Aqua Bounty strives to apply biotechnology to ensure the availability of high quality seafood to meet global consumer demand.

For the first time in history, genetically engineered fish are likely to be approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US – FDA www.fda.com ) for sale and consumption at United Stated fish markets. Although genetically engineered plant products have been consumed world wide for years, the advent of genetically engineered fish and meat is generating renewed concern and debate about the safety and perpetuity of the general food chain.

The company at the center of this debate is Aqua Bounty Technologies. Aqua Bounty Technologies has created genetically engineered Salmon, Trout, and Tilapia. The first of these fish, an Atlantic Salmon clone, is under review by the FDA. Preliminary reviews by FDA officials suggest a bias toward approving the genetically engineered salmon for consumption in the United States. Documents released by FDA staff said the altered salmon are “as safe to eat as food from other Atlantic salmon.” The agency said it found “no biologically relevant differences” in vitamins, minerals or fatty acids.

Aqua Bounty History

AquaBounty was originally incorporated in 1991, under the name A/F Protein, to pursue the commercial development of antifreeze protein-based technology under license from the University of California at Berkeley.

In 1996, A/F Protein acquired a license to the AquAdvantage® technology from the University of Toronto and Memorial University of Newfoundland, and was subsequently reorganized in 2000, into two separate entities: A/F Protein, which retained the antifreeze protein technology; and, AquaBounty Farms, which obtained the AquAdvantage® technology.

AquaBounty Farms, headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts, changed its name in 2004 to AquaBounty Technologies. In 2006, AquaBounty Technologies was listed in the London Stock Exchange’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) raising $28 million in an initial public offering of stock.

For more details about Aqua Bounty Technologies, please refer to their web site at http://www.aquabounty.com/.

“Blue Revolution”

Aqua Bounty strives to play a significant part in “The Blue Revolution” – bringing together biological sciences and molecular technology to enable an aquaculture industry capable of large-scale, efficient, and environmentally sustainable production of high quality seafood. According to Aqua Bounty, “increased growth rates, enhanced resistance to disease, better food-conversion rates, manageable breeding cycles, and more efficient use of aquatic production systems are all important components of sustainable aquaculture industry of the future.”

Economics
The approval and success of the genetically engineered salmon is vital to Aqua Bounty Technologies success. AquaBounty originally filed for U.S. approval of the salmon in 1995. In 2009, it saw a $4.8 million net loss after restructuring in 2008 to preserve cash and focus on completing FDA’s approval process. The company has seen its stock rise as much as 75 percent this year in the run-up to the FDA’s decision.

Pro

Aqua Bounty Technologies Genetically Engineered Salmon Pros Aqua Bounty Technologies Genetically Engineered Salmon Pros

1. Grow Fast

The fish, called AquAdvantage, are genetically engineered to grow twice as fast as conventional Atlantic salmon, and reach maturity much earlier than natural Atlantic salmon. From Aqua Bounty’s web site: “Although salmon grown from AquAdvantage® eggs are the same biologically and nutritionally as any other Atlantic salmon, their accelerated growth comes from the addition of a growth hormone gene from the Chinook salmon. The Chinook growth hormone is the same as the Atlantic salmon growth hormone; it is simply regulated differently. Their ability to grow faster does not change the biological make-up of the fish. It is important to note that AquAdvantage® Salmon expresses a salmon protein in a salmon.”

This advancement provides a compelling economic benefit to farmers (reduced growing cycle) as well as enhancing the economic viability of inland operations, thereby diminishing the need for ocean pens.

2. Replace dwindling population
The Aqua Bounty salmon will reduce stress on natural populations as they grow faster. Further, they will boost the nation’s fish sector and reduce pressure on the environment.

3. Safe to Eat and Nutrient Rich
The FDA agrees that the Aqua Bounty genetically engineered salmon are “as safe to eat as natural Atlantic salmon.” The agency said it found “no biologically relevant differences” in vitamins, minerals or fatty acids.

4. Reproductively sterile
Fish grown from AquAdvantage® eggs are all female and sterile, making it impossible for them to breed amongst themselves. In addition, FDA approval requires them to be grown in physically contained systems, further reducing any potential impact on wild populations.

5. Advances Science

6. Multiple Containment Measures
The chances of the altered salmon escaping from production or growing facilities and reproducing was “extremely small” thanks in part to multiple containment measures, the FDA staff said. The bio-engineered fish also are “effectively sterile,” they said.

According to Aqua Bounty, “the contained, land-based systems used by customers of AquAdvantage® eggs are endorsed by most environmental groups as a more environmentally friendly and responsible alternative to traditional sea-cage farming of salmon.”


Continue Debate

Con

Aqua Bounty Technologies Genetically Engineered Salmon Cons Aqua Bounty Technologies Genetically Engineered Salmon Cons

1. Do we know what would happen with these fish in the wild?

Although the Aqua Bounty salmon are genetically sterile, there is always the possibility that a batch of eggs might not be sterile.

2. Possibly destroy indigenous fish

We do not know what would happen to indigenous fish should a population of the sterile salmon be accidentally released. The concern is that the genetically altered salmon would crowd native species.

3. “Playing God” and Public Policy Issues

The Aqua Bounty salmon, are, indeed, Frankenfish, and though every effort will be made to contain the salmon, there are inherent dangers when messing with Mother Nature.

4. While these fish might be bread in physically contained systems, history teaches us that eventually there will be breaches to the system either by accident or ill-intended individuals.

5. Unknown allergic impact

At this time, little study has been completed regarding the impact genetically altered salmon will have on human auto-immune systems


Continue Debate

Other Genetically Altered Fish

Glofish–The first commercially viable ornamental genetically engineered fish Glofish–The first commercially viable ornamental genetically engineered fish

Initially offered for sale on December 11, 2003, GloFish® is a patented and trademarked, genetically engineered Zebra Danio. GloFish® was the first genetically engineered fish available to the aquatic hobbyists market.1 These Frankenfish are sold under the trademark names Starfire Red® (“Red Danios”), Electric Green® (Green Danios), and Sunburst... [Read more...]


Genetically Engineered Salmon-Feeding the World or Playing with fire? Genetically Engineered Salmon-Feeding the World or Playing with fire?

What do you think about Genetically Engineered Salmon? Is it about Feeding the World or just like Playing with fire? Courtesy of AquaBounty Technologies  Read More →


Goldfish- Genetically Engineered for Your Fish Tank Goldfish- Genetically Engineered for Your Fish Tank

Goldfish- Genetically Engineered for Your Fish Tank Goldfish  Read More →


Read More Posts From Other Genetically Altered Fish
Get Adobe Flash playerPlugin by wpburn.com wordpress themes
Tweeter button Facebook button Technorati button Reddit button Myspace button Linkedin button Webonews button Delicious button Digg button Flickr button Stumbleupon button Newsvine button Youtube button